Whether they involve steaming or soaking, geothermal or heated tap water, bathing traditions worldwide offer community, cleansing, spiritual renewal—and sometimes a legend or two.
Destination hot springs range from luxe to side-of-the-road rustic. For safe soaking, stay hydrated and check with your physician before getting into hot water, especially if you have hypertension or think you could be pregnant, and never enter communal tubs with an open cut or sore. While many commercial establishments make sure that their water is hygienic by preheating it to kill bacteria and keeping hot water constantly flowing (as in Wilbur’s flumes), rustic sites may have a greater bacteria risk.
Its name means “hot city” in Greek, and it’s located in Hot Springs County. Need more? Located at the edge of the spectacular Wind River Canyon, this town claims the world’s largest hot springs, known for waters rich in bicarbonate, sulfate, calcium, and sodium.
White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia
Here you’ll find The Greenbrier, a historic luxury resort with three medicinal springs rich in sulfates and hydrogen sulfide.
Indian Springs Resort and Spa, Calistoga, California
You can’t get a fresher and more ancient mud bath than here, where on-site geothermal mineral water mixes with ash left from a volcanic eruption 2 million years ago. Float afterward in the mineral-springs pool and leave your wishes on the prayer tree.
Mono Hot Springs, California
This open-air, four-wheel-drive-accessible hot springs offers breathtaking views of the Sierra Nevada for a once-in-a-lifetime soaking experience.
Wilbur Hot Springs, California
Well worth the two-and-a-half-hour drive northeast from San Francisco, the resort has a hotel, an 1,800-acre private nature preserve, and regular “guest chef” weekends.
On the east coast of the Big Island, this brackish-water thermal pool is volcanically heated to 90 degrees, and a small inlet leading to the ocean allows fish to swim in and out. As at all natural ponds, use caution and don’t soak with open cuts; Ahalanui was briefly closed by the authorities in fall 2013 after a bacterial scare, but it reopened after tests came back clean.
One of the most thermally active places on earth, Beppu is home to more than 70 bathing establishments, including a balneological institute connected to Kyushu University and bubbling red “hell pools.”
Rotorua, New Zealand
Sitting on the Pacific “Ring of Fire,” this North Island city has 35 hot mineral outdoor pools for bathing, swimming, and massage.
This ancient spa town features a 12-acre thermal lake fed by a hot spring.
Ein Bokek, Israel
This Dead Sea resort offers mud packs, beauty treatments, and medically supervised treatments
Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic
This spa town—one of Europe’s best-known—features 12 hot springs and services from mud packs to oxygen therapy.
The Russian word for “bath,” banya (or banja) refers to steam baths popular throughout Eastern Europe. Those with hardy dispositions swear by platza, a treatment in which bathers are beaten with oak-tree branches while sweating in a radiant-heat oven-like room.
Dating to 1400 BC, the oracle here was the most important shrine in ancient Greece, built around sacred springs considered the navel of the world. The names of the springs—Lethe and Mnemosyne—hint at water’s power to help us forget (our cares) and remember (what really matters).
Turkish baths traditionally serve as public centers where rich and poor, young and old (but not men and women), mingle in the steam. The Byzantine and Ottoman empires spread hammams—with their gorgeous architecture and sumptuous interiors—from Egypt and Iran to Budapest and Valencia. Mohammed allegedly believed that the heat of hammam enhanced fertility.
Korean baths feature steam and dry-heat rooms (some with red clay thought beneficial for expectant mothers), as well as a combination scrub/massage/milk bath that leaves you feeling as soft-skinned as a baby.
At this hot springs in India, still popular as a pilgrimage site, one of Shiva’s consorts was said to have dropped an earring. After Shiva did a dance, a serpent deity returned the jewel by shooting it up through the waters.
The Jewish rite of purification is traditionally used before priestly duties, in conversion, and as a monthly ritual for women after menstruation or childbirth. Since writer Anita Diamant founded Mayyim Hayyim Living Waters Community Mikveh in Newton, Mass., progressive mikva’ot—such as ImmerseNYC and Waters of Eden San Diego—are opening around the US, making immersion available to Jews going through divorce, coming out, turning 50, and other life transitions.
Japanese geothermal springs of the “soak” variety. Sento refers to indoor public bathhouses using heated tap water.
True Finnish sauna takes two hours, allowing the body to return to its normal temperature before re-entering the dry heat.
Yiddish for “sweat,” the word also refers to steam baths of the Eastern European variety. Urban schvitzes can be found in Detroit, New York, and Los Angeles.
Roman emperors outdid each other in building these public bathhouses, offering hot and cold baths, libraries, restaurants, even concert halls and prostitutes. The fall of Rome, along with the Church’s resistance to “cathedrals of flesh,” led to the decline of thermae. The Baths of Diocletian, with capacity for 3,000 bathers, now houses a basilica.
Islamic ritual ablution before prayer. Ghusl refers to the fuller immersion required for observant Muslims after sexual activity, giving birth, or (as administered by another) dying.
For more on the healing power of water, click here.